It is either a valid species or a geographical race of. 280, 4537, 7050, 26129. No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. Museum specimens collected in 1984 from various localities, LRS-84133 (Ref. Springer. Overexploitation, invasive species, pollution and rapid land-use transitions have led to a severe decline in freshwater biodiversity (Kottelat and Whitten, 1996; Dudgeon et al., 2006). 4835, 4833, 7050, 12744, 43638. Also Ref. 7223). Described from the type specimens collected from Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao (1910, 1922). A specimen was caught in 1989 with hook and line from Lake Manguao, Palawan (Ref. No specimen was caught during the 1994 sampling (Ref. Usually found in the littoral areas, with heavy aquatic vegetation (Ref. The wildlife of the Philippines includes a significant number of endemic plant and animal species. Reported from 1986 survey by Mercene (Ref. Disa (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Diza (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug). 280, 3881, 13446, 70969, 94476. 10885). Prov. It is endemic to Jolo Island in the Sulu Archipelago of the Philippines. Other exotic species were also introduced to the lake. The Philippines is also home to Tawi-Tawi's blue-winged racket-tail, the most endangered parrot species in Southeast Asia, and the Calayan rail, the most endangered rail species in the world, found only on a small island in the Babuyan Group of Islands. These species are the Philippine eagle (15th place, the highest from the Philippines), spoon-billed sandpiper (#19), black-hooded coucal (#22), Sulu hornbill (#41), Cebu brown-dove (#46), rufous-headed hornbill (#50). Reported from Laguna de Bay (Ref. Still present in a 1982 survey (Ref. 10888) and 1975-76, 1982-83, 1990-91 and 2008 surveys (Ref. 2855). One of the largest of the Lanao carps. 13446, 70969, 94476. 95183). Ambassidae: Ambassis nalua (Hamilton, 1822) Fr, Br native : 12.50 cm TL male/unsexed : Ambassidae: Ambassis urotaenia: Bleeker, 1852: Fr, Br, M native : 14.00 cm TL male/unsexed 280, 81520). Freshwater wetlands are the most degraded ecosystems of the Philippines (DENR and UNEP, 1997). 11.00 cm SL male/unsexed ;9.50 cm female. Status to be confirmed. 95183). Unfortunately, several of these species were believed to have disappeared without ever being discovered. 13489). 95183). Zool J Linn Soc, 174: 130–168. 13446). Sea catfish (English), Kanduli (Tagalog), Tabangongo (Tagalog), Reported from Los Baños, Laguna; San Fabian, Pangasinan; Navotas, Malabon, and Puerto Galera, Mindoro (Ref. This article lists the top 50 critically endangered animals in the Philippines: Philippine eagle Philippine freshwater crocodile Tamaraw Walden's hornbill Visayan warty pig Philippine cockatoo Negros bleeding-heart Philippine naked-backed fruit bat Philippine … 50862). Also Ref. Manila, Philippines, 5th March 2019 – Heavily trafficked and a candidate for heightened protection at the upcoming World Wildlife Conference, the Indian Star Tortoise has appeared among 1,529 tortoises found in abandoned luggage in the Philippines. Specimens were collected from Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao (Ref. Reported from Taal Lake (Ref. The largest moth, the Atlas moth, can be found in the Philippines. 13446) and the Cagayan River in Aparri (Ref. 3881, 13446, 70969, 94476. 10888) and 1976, 1977, 1982-83, 1990-91 and 2008 surveys (Ref. The Philippines has more than 280 freshwater species of fish, including nine endemic genera and more than 65 endemic species, many of which are confined to single lakes. Also Ref. 9760); and Taal Lake (Ref. (Ref. 2929). Considered a tasty but bony food fish (Ref. 3881, 70969. [2] The Philippines also has 50–60 endemic Platymantis frog species, by far the most diverse genus of amphibians in the archipelago.[6]. No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. Description based on a single specimen, 13.4 TL, caught by Herre at the type locality, Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao in 1921 (Ref. Also Ref. observation). 7050, 26129. Still caught in the lake from 1963 to1964 (Ref. 80824), Pasig River; Santa Cruz, Laguna; Orani, Bataan; Cavite; and Navotas, Rizal (Ref. 11230. 280, 70969, 94476. Locally, they are known in Filipino as tawilis. Siebenrockiella leytensis is a species of freshwater turtle endemic to the Philippines. A.. Oaks R. J.. Sanguila B. M.. Welton J. L.. Blackburn C. D.. Moyle G. R.. Peterson T. A.. Alcala C. A.. 2013. 280) and known to occur in isolated lakes as Nunuñgan, which is entirely surrounded by mountains, but has a subterranean outlet (Ref. Described from the type specimens, 9.4 and 14 cm, collected from Lake Manguao, near Taytay in northern Palawan (1913). Described from eight female specimens, 7.8 - 11.8, collected at the type locality, Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao (1921, 1922) (Ref. [3], About 70 percent of the Philippines' nearly 21,000 recorded insect species are found only in the country. Several species of reptiles and amphibians remains undiscovered. An example is Sardinella tawilis, a freshwater sardine found only in Taal Lake. 6376. 70969, 94476. There are still several species that have remained undiscovered. An example is Sardinella tawilis, a freshwater sardine found only in Taal Lake. Carpenter, K.E. Used in the aquarium trade (Ref. 4867, 13446), Lake Lanao, 1986 survey (Ref. Now, the species is well established throughout the Philippines — in lakes, rivers and reservoirs, and fishponds. Recorded from Lapad River, Laguna (pers. Museum: Western Calatagan, Batangas, UPZM 5244. No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. 2929). Sardinella tawilis (The freshwater sardinella, freshwater herring, or bombon sardine), is a freshwater sardine found exclusively in the Philippines. Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 83381). Unfortunately, Lake Lanao, in Mindanao, seems to be experiencing the country's most catastrophic extinction event, with nearly all of the lake’s endemic fish species now almost certainly extinct, primarily due to the introduction of tilapia, which is an edible fish, for the expansion of the fishing industry. Fish species of Bugang is comparable to Bago River in Negros Occidental, Philippines with fifty-five (55) species (Pacalioga et al 2010), Langaran River in Misamis Oriental with twenty-six (26) species (Gomez-Roxas et al 2005) and to the major watersheds of the Makiling Forest Reserve in Laguna with sixteen (16) species (Paller et al 2011). doi:10.1111/zoj.12232. Freshwater fish culture started in the Philippines in 1972 when the Nile tilapia was introduced. Synonyms. 13446, 80679). Also Ref. Biang bato (Tagalog), Bukto (Ilokano), Bunog (Ilokano), Bia (Tagalog), Ipon (Tagalog), Batog (Visayan), Reported from Lake Naujan (Ref. Abstract. 13446). The species richness of this subregion comprises 66 freshwater fish, two species of crocodiles, four species of turtles and a high variability of amphibians ranging from 20 to 35 species. Brown, R. M., Siler, C. D., Richards, S. J., Diesmos, A. C. and Cannatella, D. C. (2015), Multilocus phylogeny and a new classification for Southeast Asian and Melanesian forest frogs (family Ceratobatrachidae). 12165, 13446). 7223). Reported from Taal Lake (Ref. Migrated into Lake Mainit via Tubay River, Mindanao (Ref. 81820). Still caught in the lake in 1963-64 (Ref. Considered as the most important fish of Lake Lanao and next to. Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. Specimens collected by J. Clemens in 1907 were also examined (Ref. Found by Herre to be common in Lake Lanao in 1923 (Ref. 81829). 13446). 2929). Also Ref. 10888) and 1963-94, 1973-1977,1983-83, 1990-91 and 2008 surveys (Ref. GENEVA: A leading conservation group uniting governments and civil society says all four known freshwater dolphin species are now threatened with extinction, after newly discovered information on t… Tumba (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Katapa-tapa (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug). Specimens were collected from Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. Also Ref. Maria River, in Laguna; Lake Buhi, Camarines Sur; Lake Naujan, Mindoro (Ref. Also Ref. 38732). 94476. Tropical eel species like those found in the Philippines are particularly threatened and freshwater conservation and management is also limited in this region. 13446), Mindanao (1921). 10558). Adult, juvenile, and larvae specimens were caught by light-fishing off El Nido (Ref. Kandar (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Manobud (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Palata (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Described from ten type specimens, 9.7 - 11.2 cm, collected from Dansalan, Lake Lanao, Mindanao (Ref. 7223). No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. In Palawan, this species has been found only in the northern part of Palawan – Taytay, 045161) is questionable as this species is known to be endemic to Australia. 2847. Type locality, small stream from tiny Basak Lake to the Agus River, nearest barrio, Saguiaren, Lanao del Sur, Mindanao, Philippines (Ref. Reported from 1986 survey by Mercene (Ref. Also Ref. 108829). Known from the upper reaches of the Pinacanauan River system, a tributary of the Cagayan River in northern Luzon Island (Ref. Known from Pinacañauan River, Cagayan Prov. 2854). Recorded as introduced (Ref. Several species of reptiles and amphibians remains undiscovered. Specimens, 2.5 - 10 cm, were collected in Sabaan River, near Lake Naujan, Mindoro (Ref. Collected from CLSU fish pond, Nueva Ecija as specimen for living fish museum (Ref. 13446, 70969, 94476. Known only to be abundant in 1913, biting hooks and nibbling at fingers held underwater (Ref. Described from the type and single specimen, 12.8 cm TL, collected by Herre at Lumbatan, a town on the south shore of Lake Lanao, Mindanao (Ref. There are 332 reptile and amphibian species with 215 found only in the Philippines. It is actually ill-advised to put a goldfish in a bare fishbowl. 2847, 7050. 13446); San Fernando, La Union; Rosales, La Union; Tacloban, Leyte; Lake Buluan and the rivers of Cotabato (Rio Grande and Fort Pikit) (Ref. 12758). 13446); also from Mamboc River, a tributary of Lake Naujan and from its type locality, the Baco River on the north east coast of Mindoro (Ref. Reported from Lake Lanao 1986 survey (Ref. 13448). Described from nine ripe female specimens, 8.8 - 10.8 cm, from Lake Lanao, Mindanao. Freshwater sardinella (English), Tabagak (Cebuano), Tamban (Cebuano), Tamban … Also Refs. There are 67 globally threatened species. The Philippine forest turtle is endemic to the Philippines. 10888). 13446, 70969), Palawan (Ref. This species grows to a length of 6.5 centimetres (2.6 in) 16. Specimens were collected from Ambacan River at Baybay, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. The recent discovery of a population of this species in the Sierra Madre mountains of Luzon brings new hope for its conservation. They are widely common in the Philippines and are generally found in shallow coastal waters. Reported from Manguao Lake in a 2003 study, common in the the littoral zone in vegetation, inflows and rice field ; known for its ability to walk overland to find larger water bodies (Ref. Specimens collected in the 1989 survey from the lake (46 individuals) and from Manguao stream (3), about 2 km NW of the lake were not spearated into the two species (, Baolan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Baoulan (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug). Reported occurrence in San Miguel Bay, Philippines (Ref. 95183). Also Ref. 13428). ; Mindoro; Tarlac; Zamboanga; Manila (Ref. Known from Lake Buluan (Ref. These mackerel species belong to the same fish family as tunas (family Scombridae). 13446). Tropical silverside (English), Gono (Tagalog), Gono (Bikol), Gono (Cebuano), Gunuh (Chavacano), Guno (Davawenyo), Dagubdub (Hiligaynon), Guno (Hiligaynon), Guno (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Guno (Waray-waray). Also Ref. Introduced to Miagao, Iloilo in 1996 for mosquito control. 10885). 10885). 2929). Freshwater habitats include lakes, rivers, marshes, wetlands and swamps. ; mountains of Zambales near Iba; Laguna de Bay; Bicol River; Cabalian in Leyte; Pulangi, Mindanao; Sibuyan; Masbate; Polillo; Jolo Is. and V.G. Two stuffed specimens in the museum of University of Santo Tomas were collected from Cavite. [2], The Philippines has among the highest rates of discovery in the world with sixteen new species of mammals discovered in the last ten years. 12165, 13446). Common Species 1. Potamotrygon motoro Common names: Ocellated River Stingray, Spotted River Ray Motoro rays are one of the most commonly traded freshwater rays, This is because they are very hardy, easy to feed, and easy to breed—hence, they The endemic freshwater crocodile Crocodylus mindorensis is critically endangered and is considered the most threatened crocodilian in the world. One of the largest butterflies in the world and the largest in the Philippines, the Magellan birdwing can be found here. Described from specimens, 9.5 - 11 cm, collected from the type locality, Dansalan, Lake Lanao (1921) (Refs. Unfortunately, several of these species were believed to have disappeared without ever being discovered. The Philippines also has 50–60 endemic Pl… Still present in the 1982 survey (Ref. 2929, 81520). 280), and Lake Naujan (Ref. There are two newly discovered species of frugivorous monitor lizard, the Panay monitor lizard from the island of Panay and Northern Sierra Madre forest monitor from north east Luzon, there are only three species of monitor lizards that are specialized frugivores. [5] It is believed that there are not more than 14 of the 114 total species of snakes in the country are venomous. Gouramis, or gouramies / ɡ ʊ ˈ r ɑː m i /, are a group of freshwater anabantiform fishes that comprise the family Osphronemidae.The fish are native to Asia—from Pakistan and India to Southeast Asia and northeasterly towards Korea.The name "gourami", of Indonesian origin, is also used for fish of the families Helostomatidae and Anabantidae.. It is a freshwater fish that can be found in lakes near the coast. No specimen was caught during the 1994 expedition (Ref. The Philippines is considered as one of the seventeen megadiverse countries as well as global biodiversity hotspot. Previously, in 2013, when the list was up to 100, the various bleeding heart dove species found only in the Philippines and the Philippine cockatoo were also in the list. water finfish species occur in India (191), followed by China (88), Indonesia (84), and Myanmar (60). According to the EDGE of Existence Programme of the Zoological Society of London, the Philippines has the highest bird endemism in the world. The cycle of evaporation of ocean water, rain and snow provide these habitats a constant source of fresh water. Tamanka siitensis is a species of fish in the goby family, Gobiidae, and the only member of the monotypic genus Tamanka. There are a wide variety of freshwater habitats. 10888). One of the most well-known native Philippine animals is the Philippine Eagle. Also Ref. The country's surrounding waters reportedly[1] have the highest level of marine biodiversity in the world. Known only from Lake Lanao. 13446, 95183). It is classified as critically endangered. 280). Also Ref. We observed D. subplana in forested creeks usually at higher altitudes than the other freshwater species. Described from specimens collected from Cascade River, Murcielagos Bay, Misamis Occidental, Mindanao (Ref. 280, 3881, 70969, 94476. 280). Specimens were collected from Lagu Lagu creek, Ambacan River, and Calbiga-a creek, Leyte in 1993 (Ref. With laterally pointed, tube-like nostrils, this winged creature is one of the strangest-looking bats you can ever find. ; Ilocos Sur; Bontoc, Mt. In northern Luzon, occur in mountain streams at an altitude or more than 1,530 meters (Ref. The most highly prized cyprinid, used for food by the Maranaos. In Lake Lanao, recorded in 1963-64, 1974-1977and 1982-1983; not recorded in 1990-91 and 2008 surveys (Ref. 83763). Also Ref. Hardyhead silverside (English), Gono (Tagalog), Gono (Cebuano), Gunuh (Chavacano), Guno (Davawenyo), Dagubdub (Hiligaynon), Guno (Hiligaynon), Tambarasang (Hiligaynon), Ti-i (Ilokano), Guno (Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug), Langaray pako (Tagalog), Guno (Waray-waray). Philippine crocodiles used to be common throughout the country but because of habitat loss, killings by humans, and their entanglement in fishing nets, these freshwater crocodiles can … Reported occurrence in San Miguel Bay, Philippines (Ref. Described from specimens collected only from the type locality, Lake Manguao, near Taytay in nothern Palawan (Ref. In 1982, wild populations were estimated to be only 500-1,000 individuals; by 1995 a mere 100 crocodiles remained living in the wild. In range Ref. More than 50 species of freshwater crabs (in genera Carpomon, Insulamon, Isolapotamon, Mainitia, Mindoron, Ovitamon, Parathelphusa and Sundathelphusa) are known from the Philippines and all are endemic to the country.[8]. 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